The Inquisitors´ Manual

António Lobo Antunes

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Like a Portuguese version of As I Lay Dying, but more ambitious, António Lobo Antunes´s eleventh novel chronicles the decadence not just of a family but of an entire society - a society morally and spiritually vitiated by four decades of totalitarian rule. In this his masterful novel, António Lobo Antunes, "one of the most skillful psychological portraitists writing anywhere, renders the turpitude of an entire society through an impasto of intensely individual voices." (The New Yorker)

The protagonist and anti-hero Senhor Francisco, a powerful state minister and personal friend of Salazar, expects to be named prime minister when Salazar is incapacitated by a stroke in 1968. Outraged that the President (Admiral Américo Tomás) appoints not him but Marcelo Caetano to the post, Senhor Francisco retreats to his farm in Setúbal, where he vaguely plots a coup with other ex-ministers and aged army officers who feel they´ve been snubbed or forgotten. But it´s younger army officers who in 1974 pull off a coup, the Revolution of the Flowers (so called since no shots were fired, carnations sticking out of the butts of the insurgents´ rifles), ending 42 years of dictatorship. Senhor Francisco, more paranoid than ever, accuses all the workers at his farm of being communists and sends them away with a brandished shotgun, remaining all alone - a large but empty shadow of his once seeming omnipotence - to defend a decrepit farm from the figments of his imagination.

When the novel opens, Senhor Francisco is no longer at the farm but in a nursing home in Lisbon with a bedpan between his legs, having suffered a stroke that left him largely paralyzed. No longer able to speak, he mentally reviews his life and loves. His loves? In fact the only woman he really loved was his wife Isabel, who left him early on, when their son João was just a tiny boy. Francisco takes up with assorted women and takes sexual advantage of the young maids on the farm, the steward's teenage daughter, and his secretaries at the Ministry, but he can never get over the humiliation of Isabel having jilted him for another man. Many years later he spots a commonplace shop girl, named Milá, who resembles his ex-wife. He sets the girl and her mother up in a fancy apartment, makes her wear Isabel´s old clothes, and introduces her to Salazar and other government officials as his wife, and everyone goes along with the ludicrous sham, because everything about Salazar´s Estado Novo ("New State") was sham - from the rickety colonial "empire" in Africa to the emasculate political leaders in the home country, themselves monitored and controlled by the secret police.

Once the system of shams tumbles like a castle of cards, Francisco´s cuckoldry glares at him with even greater scorn than before, and all around him lie casualties. Milá and her mother return to their grubby notions shop more hopeless than ever, because the mother is dying and Milá is suddenly a spinster without prospects. The steward, with no more farm to manage, moves his family into a squalid apartment and gets a job at a squalid factory. The minister´s son, raised by the housekeeper, grows up to be good-hearted but totally inept, so that his ruthless in-laws easily defraud him of his father´s farm, which they turn into a tourist resort. The minister´s daughter, Paula, whom he had by the cook and who was raised by a childless widow in another town, is ostracized after the Revolution because of who her father was, even though she hardly ever knew him.

Isabel, the ex-wife, also ends up all alone, in a crummy kitchenette in Lisbon, but she isn´t a casualty of Senhor Francisco or of society or of a political regime but of love, of its near impossibility. Disillusioned by all the relationships she had with men, she stoutly resists Francisco´s ardent attempts to win her back, preferring solitude instead.

We have to go to the housekeeper, Titina, this novel´s most compelling character, to find hope of salvation, however unlikely a source she seems. Unattractive and uneducated, Titina never had a romantic love relationship, though she secretly loved her boss, who never suspected. She ends up, like him, in an old folks´ home, and like him she spends her days looking back and dreaming of returning to the farm in its heyday. Old age is a great equalizer. And yet the two characters are not equal. Titina retains her innocence. But it´s not the innocence of helpless inability - the case of João, Francisco´s son - nor is it the pathetic innocence of Romeu, the emotionally and mentally undeveloped co-worker by whom Paula has a son. Titina isn't helpless or ingenuous, and she isn´t immune to the less than flattering human feelings of jealousy, impatience and anger. But she never succumbs to baser instincts. She knows her worth and cultivates it. She is a proud woman, but proud only of what she really is and what she has really accomplished in life.

At one level (and it operates at many), The Inquisitors´ Manual is an inquiry into the difficult coexistence of self-affirmation and tenderness toward others. Their correct balance, which equals human dignity, occurs in the housekeeper.

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António Lobo Antunes

António Lobo Antunes nasceu em Lisboa, em 1942. Estudou na Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa e especializou-se em Psiquiatria. Exerceu, durante vários anos, a profissão de médico psiquiatra. Em 1970 foi mobilizado para o serviço militar. Embarcou para Angola no ano seguinte, tendo regressado em 1973. Em 1979 publicou os seus primeiros livros, Memória de Elefante e Os Cus de Judas, seguindo-se, em 1980, Conhecimento do Inferno. Estes primeiros livros transformaram-no imediatamente num dos autores contemporâneos mais lidos e discutidos no âmbito nacional e internacional. Todo o seu trabalho literário tem sido, ao longo dos anos, objecto dos mais diversos estudos, académicos ou não, e dos mais importantes prémios, nacionais e internacionais, entre os quais se contam o Prémio Juan Rulfo, 2008, Prémio Camões, 2007, Prémio Jerusalém, 2005, Prémio Ovidio, 2003 e Prémio Europeu de Literatura, 2001. A obra de António Lobo Antunes encontra-se traduzida em inúmeros países e recentemente foi anunciada a sua edição na prestigiosa colecção Pléiade.

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